Thailand Court of Justice
Thailand Supreme Court

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― Vineet Raj Kapoor

Thai Legal System

The Appeals Court in Thailand consists of a general court of appeals and nine regional courts. The general court tries appeals to decisions or orders by the civil and criminal courts. On the other hand, regional courts of appeal hear those from other courts of first instance in regions 1-9.
This branch consists of all the courts, which are independent bodies that perform the crucial check-and-balance function of those of the executive and legislative branches. These courts try cases or suits filed with them between or among individuals, and individuals against private or public entities.
Unlike US courts, Thailand does not have juries. Judges try cases and disputes. It has special courts that handle disputes just like the British legal system although it still differs from the British legal system. The general courts of Thailand are the civil courts, criminal courts, municipal courts, and provincial courts.
Law Firm in Thailand
Law firms in Thailand come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from single-attorney law practices to full range legal practices, and multi-staffed international legal organizations. In addition, law firms in Thailand are generally equipped to handle nearly every legal challenge facing individuals, small businesses, and large corporations.
Trial Procedures in Thailand
Trial procedures in Thailand are not the same again as say the British or American system. It is more of a mixture of the British system and a rather unique Thai system which is used. Note that this website does not dispense advice but attempts to give you a very broad overview of the legal system used in Thailand compared to a more Western legal system. Trials in Thailand can run for more than 5 years which is not uncommon and most attempt to settle matters early.
Court of Appeal Thailand
Bangkok has an Appeals Court however there are also 9 regional courts of Appeal. The appeal courts hear both criminal and civil matters. The Supreme court (Dika) is the one court in Thailand that is very interesting as it is the final court. That means that any matter that came from the court of appeals can end up before the Supreme Court on the basis that a law or even a fact is being called into question. Safe to say there is only one Supreme Court in Thailand and it is located in Bangkok.