Thailand Court of Justice
Thailand Supreme Court

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Thai Legal System

Thailand Court of Justice
Established in Metropolitan Bangkok and inaugurated by Royal decree, the Central Tax Court exercises authority over tax cases throughout Bangkok Metropolis and the provinces of Samutprakarn, Samutsakorn, Nakorn Pathom, Nonthaburi, and Pathumthani. Tax cases outside this jurisdiction may still be filed with it and it reserves the right to take or reject them unless officially transferred to it by the provisions of the Act or that of the Civil Procedure Code.
The Central Bankruptcy Court of Thailand handles all bankruptcy cases, civil and criminal cases involving bankruptcy. While the law provides for the establishment of regional bankruptcy courts, only the Central Bankruptcy Court exists to hear bankruptcy cases. Cases filed in the region must be transferred to it. This new law guarantees faster and more efficient handling of bankruptcy cases for creditors and debtors.
The Appeals Court in Thailand consists of a general court of appeals and nine regional courts. The general court tries appeals to decisions or orders by the civil and criminal courts. On the other hand, regional courts of appeal hear those from other courts of first instance in regions 1-9.
This branch consists of all the courts, which are independent bodies that perform the crucial check-and-balance function of those of the executive and legislative branches. These courts try cases or suits filed with them between or among individuals, and individuals against private or public entities.
Unlike US courts, Thailand does not have juries. Judges try cases and disputes. It has special courts that handle disputes just like the British legal system although it still differs from the British legal system. The general courts of Thailand are the civil courts, criminal courts, municipal courts, and provincial courts.
Law Firm in Thailand
Law firms in Thailand come in a variety of shapes and sizes, ranging from single-attorney law practices to full range legal practices, and multi-staffed international legal organizations. In addition, law firms in Thailand are generally equipped to handle nearly every legal challenge facing individuals, small businesses, and large corporations.